Whether on a construction site or carrying out a landscaping job, transporting loose materials is often a recurring necessity. Choosing the right piece of equipment for the assignment is critical for ensuring a smooth-running, efficient and safe operation.
Applicable for a variety of uses across industries, dumpers offer sizeable payload capacities combined with adept handling and superior maneuverability, making these vehicles an integral part of many job sites.
The basic functionality of a dumper is very straightforward. An open four-wheeled or tracked vehicle, the dumper is designed to carry a load on a skip that can be used to tip and dump the load.
Modern dumpers are typically diesel-powered with multi-cylinder engines, and some models offer additional features such as turbocharging, hydraulics for steering and tipping, and electric start. Most dumpers utilize four-wheel drive and pivot steering, articulating from the middle of the chassis to provide for a high degree of maneuverability.
In order to help maximize functionality when moving loads, many dumper models are equipped with swivel skips, which allow for 180-degree dumping.
Dumpers differ from dump trucks in one key way: while the traditional dump truck is configured so that the load is always behind the cab, some dumpers are designed so that the load skip can be in front of the driver’s cab. This distinction results in differing functionalities between the two vehicles.
Dump trucks are typically able to carry significantly larger loads than dumpers, and thus these heavy-duty work vehicles are often found on large construction sites and infrastructure projects.
However, the increase in load size corresponds to a decrease in maneuverability and agility, making dump trucks a poor fit for many job sites such as those with a small egress.
While dumpers have a lower maximum load than dump trucks, their superior ability at reversing and making tight turns, plus their better visibility, makes them well-suited to a variety of job sites where other types of trucks would not be functional.
While not on par with a full-size dump truck, the payload capacity of the average dumper is still significant. Most models are able to carry up to 22,000 pounds–equal to about eight cubic yards of gravel or sand.
The compact nature of dumpers boosts their maneuverability dramatically, allowing these vehicles to navigate around work sites and maximizing the user-friendliness of their operation. Many dumper models allow for three-way dumping or dumping with 180 degree or 360 degree rotation, making it even easier for the operator to steer and transport loads.
Because dumpers offer the driver the ability to easily and safely operate in both forward and reverse, this vehicle is exceptionally well-suited for work in restricted spaces, including tunnels and narrow alleyways. The adaptability of dumpers to narrow sites is increased if the dumper is equipped with a swivel skip, which allows the load to be rotated and tipped sideways.
For moving loads over a muddy, slick or snowy surface, additional traction is often needed. Because they can often be equipped with continuous rubber tracks, dumpers can easily move heavy payloads over such rough terrain or steep inclines. Even without tracks, dumper systems tend to have high-quality, deeply grooved rubber tires that are excellent for navigating tough conditions.
Common Uses For Dumper Systems
From helping prepare the site by transporting or hauling items, dumpers play an integral role on a wide range of construction projects. One key responsibility that dumpers have on many construction sites is for the transport of loose construction materials such as excavated dirt, gravel or sand. A dumper that is outfitted with a towing eye can also be used to tow trailers around work sites, further boosting their construction site functionality.
A dumper’s ability to haul wet concrete can make it useful in preparing poured foundations for new building construction, while its payload capacity makes a dumper helpful during many demolition tasks.
Road work, particularly when conducted in narrow areas such as alleyways, tunnels or city centers, often relies on dumpers to help perform key functions. These versatile vehicles can carry a wide range of materials that are needed in infrastructure work, including rocks, gravel and even wet concrete.
Their ability to work both on and off road and under adverse conditions makes dumpers a perfect fit for the work site conditions present on many road construction and infrastructure projects.
A significant landscaping project may require the transport of large loads of loose material. Often debris such as dirt, rocks and trimmings has to be removed, while other materials such as paving stones or gravel must be brought in and moved around the job site. A dumper has the ability to perform both functions easily.
Moreover, many landscaping projects require that any work vehicle maneuver through tight spaces and create the least disturbance to the ground as possible. A lightweight dumper can meet both of the requirements in most situations.
Once completed, a landscaped space requires continuous upkeep, and dumpers can help with these functions as well. Indeed, dumpers can be found performing grounds maintenance functions for golf courses, parks, cemeteries and other large manicured green spaces.
These are only some of the potential uses for a dumper system. From agricultural applications to use in snow removal, the dumper has possible applications for any job that requires hauling and towing combined with a high degree of maneuverability, making this compact work vehicle the perfect match for many sectors.
Still have questions about whether or not a dumper system is right for you? Contact Dominion Equipment Parts for answers regarding dumpers by calling us at 866-392-4454. Or, take a look at the Fiori dumper systems and Morooka Carriers on our website to get specific details about these productive systems.
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